(4 pt) Metamorphic Facies (Tray 5) One of the primary goals of metamorphic petrology is to interpret the pressure (P) and temperature (T) history of a rock or set of rocks, because it provides information about the tectonic history of a region. Surface conditions. Temperaturepressure diagram showing the three major types of metamorphic facies series proposed by Miyashiro (1973, 1994). Partial Melting and Igneous Processes. The upper red line is the prograde path, the lower the retrograde. FIG. Western Norway. place letters in the white circles that are linked to the starred locations on this illustration to show where Eskola's facies are most likely to occur A - amphibolite, G = greenschist Eeclogie, B = blueschist. Examples of nine common types are given. In the black diagram of a subduction zone (Fig. Lines A, B, and C show the geothermal gradients that would be encountered at the three marked positions on the diagram of a subduction zone above. Stability boundaries of the other index minerals are … A more complete indication of this intensity or degree is provided with the concept of metamorphic facies.. The pressure (P) - temperature (T) - time (t) path of a metamorphic rock is the set of all P-T conditions experienced by a rock during its metamorphic history (Figure 1). The changes in mineral assemblages are due to changes in the temperature and pressure conditions of … Solid solutions, chemical reactions and metamorphic facies. high. Position on the conditions of pressure and temperature of each type of PT diagram a metamorphic. 25.3. Sanbagawa Facies Series (high-P, moderate-T) 5. The three components plotted on ACF diagrams are A(Al 2 O 3), C(CaO), and F(FeO + MgO), making the … Because this metamorphism takes place at temperatures well below the temperature at which the rock originally formed (~1200°C), it is known as retrograde metamorphism . Prentice Hall. Yardley, 1989; Spear, 1993; Bousquet et … Metamorphic facies found in the Grenville province of Ontario collectively define a PT trend that is transcursive to the PT trends of Miyashiro's faci… Introduction to chemographic analysis; Gibbs Phase Rule; properties of triangular diagrams; ACF diagram. Metamorphic zones, isograde and reaction isograde, Concept of classification of metamorphic facies, facies-series and grade, structure and textures of metamorphic rocks; chemographic projection, graphical representation of metamorphic minerals assemblages; ACF, AKF, AFM and others diagram. These are also called metamorphic facies series.A metamorphic facies series is a sequence of metamorphic facies which plot in a temperature-pressure diagram along a line, and this line represents a certain geothermal gradient. A p-t-diagram is designed, utilizing the latest equilibrium determinations at high pressures and temperatures on rockforming silicates. Assumptions involved in defining the concept of metamorphic facies. One of the first uses of these types of diagrams was by Eskola (1915) who employed a diagram known as the ACF diagram in his study of metamorphic rocks. Yellow star denotes the location in PT space of 12 Metamorphic Facies Figure 25.4. Metamorphic facies. Finnish geologist Pentii Eskola devised a facies scheme in 1915 (that A three-component phase diagram used for metamafic rocks. 1.-Tentative PT diagram showing possible stability fields of metamorphic facies and PT gradients curve of the granite (Tuttle and Bowen, 1958), to the curve for low-high quartz (Yoder, 1950), and to the lo 1964). Mafic Rocks Read Chapter 4 of An Introduction to Metamorphic Petrology by Bruce Yardley or Chapter 25 of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology by John Winter or Chapter 16 of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology by Philpotts. Concept of metamorphic facies. Solid Solutions and Exchange Vectors Some minerals (e.g., quartz) have constant composition. The diagram at right shows the distribution of metamorphic facies with temperature and pressure. K. Bucher, in Encyclopedia of Geology, 2005. Metamorphic rock - Metamorphic rock - Pressure-temperature-time paths: Interaction between metamorphic petrologists and geophysicists in the 1980s led to the realization that each metamorphic rock follows its own unique path through pressure- (depth-) temperature space during metamorphism and that these paths bear little or no resemblance to steady-state geotherms. Dashed red arrow indicates the typical PT path that subducted packages of rock follow in a long-lived subduction zone (i.e. Note that any two of these minerals can occur together only under 12 40 PT conditions represented by the boundary lines in the diagram and that the three minerals Figure A7.5.2 can occur together only at the point where these three lines intersect: approximately 500'C and 4 kilobars, which normally occurs about 15 km below Earth's surface 1. Blueschist Eclogite Granulite Amphibolite t Zeolite Pyroxene Hornfels Hornblende Hornfels Sanadinite Act-Ep Hornfels Prehnite-Pumpellyite 15 10 5 0 200 400 600 800 See diagram for more detail. It represents high P/T metamorphism. 2004). Winter (2010) An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 2). Kbars-1Kbar=100MPa. ACF diagram A three-component, triangular graph used to show how metamorphic mineral assemblages vary as a function of rock composition within one metamorphic facies.Besides SiO 2, the five most abundant oxides found in metamorphic rocks are Al 2 O 3, CaO, FeO, MgO, and K 2 O. What might pressure be measured in on a PT diagram instead of GPa? The computer program Theriak-Domino provided pseudo sections (PT diagram) with possible PT stability fields illustrated by the microstructure and mineral analysis. Blueschist (Facies) The metamorphic facies in which mafic rocks have glaucophane and sodic pyroxene. Metamorphic series include the Barrovian and Buchan series of metamorphic rocks. Metamorphic grades. As a model for progressive metamorphism, petrologists consider different metamorphic facies series, the sequences of metamorphic rocks that would form in different metamorphic environments. Daly) Metabasite mineral assemblages; Classification of metamorphic grade based on metabasite assemblages; facies in PT space. For abbreviations see Table 2. Part 6. A7.5.5. This diagram is in good agreement with previous published facies diagram (e.g. These seem to occur at different pressure levels and are distinguished by different series of mineral assemblages. Since pressure relates to depth of burial. evaluation of metamorphic conditions, as well as determination of the PT conditions with the use of the computer program Theriak-Domino. George Barrow was a geologist in Scotland who discovered the Barrovian series.. Why is approximate depth shown on a PT diagram? Different rocks reach different peak temperatures, varying from lower grade greenschist rocks up to granulite facies gneisses. 1 Metamorphic Reactions and Stable Assemblages GEOL 13.53 Metamorphic Lecture 3 Eskolaand Metamorphic Facies • Eskola(1914, 1915) noted that metapeliticrocks in southern Finland (Orijärvi) contained the assemblage Bt-Ms whereas near Oslo, rocks contained the compositionally equivalent mineral assemblage Kf-Cd • If rocks are the same composition, then the mineralogical difference must … P-T-t Paths . This diagram has been used for figures 6 and 7. What is a P-T-t path? What is a metamorphic facies? Metamorphic zones, isograde and reaction isograde, Concept of classification of metamorphic facies, facies-series and grade, structure and textures of metamorphic rocks; chemographic projection, graphical representation of metamorphic minerals assemblages; ACF, AKF, AFM and others diagram. Metamorphic Petroogy - Geology Metamorphic Petrology with Rebecca Jamieson at Dalhousie University - StudyBlue Flashcards [photo: A L … Above, some exceptions from this requirement have been given with respect to the granulite and sub-greenschist facies. These series of metamorphic facies are presented in the PT-diagram of meta­ morphic facies (Fig. The PT diagram in Figure 8.69 shows the most important of these series. ... What is the intercept on a PT diagram considered to be? Franciscan Facies Series (high-P, low T) 11 Fig. Donna Whitney, University of Minnesota . Metamorphism is a dynamic process, involving changes in temperature ± pressure through time. Facies Series 8.69 Metamorphic facies series. There are forty years of manufacturing history, with three major production bases,over 160 senior R&D engineers and 600+ large and medium-sized digital processing equipment, The first-line technicians and professional after-sales service personnel up to 2,300+ and 200+ respectively.Introducing advanced technology and craftsmanship, adopting international … Other rocks of contrasting … However, most minerals are solid solutions that undergo compositional … Figure 1: Pressure-temperature diagram illustrating metamorphic facies boundaries. Metamorphic grade is an informal indication of the amount or degree of metamorphism. The metamorphic facies scheme (Figures 1 and 2) requires the presence of a free aqueous fluid.The facies figures have been prepared with this premise. I’ve taken a standard diagram of metamorphic facies and drawn on roughly some typical P-T-t paths. Study 101 Metamorphic Petroogy flashcards on StudyBlue. Fresh eclogite on the right grades into darker-coloured rock in which omphacite is replaced by diopside-plagioclase-amphibole intergrowths. zeolite facies A set of metamorphic mineral assemblages produced by the metamorphism of a wide range of starting rock types under the same metamorphic conditions, and typically characterized by the development of the mineral assemblage smectite—zeolites (in addition to relict igneous plagioclase and pyroxene) in rocks of basic igneous composition. contact metamorphism iron ore. Metamorphic petrologists studying contact metamorphism early in the 20th century introduced the idea of metamorphic facies (part of a rock or group of rocks that differs from the whole formation) to correlate metamorphic events. Margin of metabasic eclogite body against amphibolite-facies gneiss. Metabasite mineral assemblages in the ACF diagram. Eclogite (Facies) Metamorphic facies in which mafic rocks have sodic pyroxene and almandine-pyrope garnet. ACF Diagram. 6 Norway, Western Gneiss Complex Eclogite facies, partly retrogressed. blueschist to eclogite facies metamorphism). Lecture 5: Metabasites and facies (Prof. J.S. The passage of this water through the oceanic crust at 200° to 300°C promotes metamorphic reactions that change the original pyroxene in the rock to chlorite and serpentine. Figure 3: Metamorphic facies diagram for metapelites and metabasites (modified after Oberhänsli et al. METAMORPHIC FACIES In general, metamorphic rocks do not drastically change chemical composition during metamorphism, except in the special case where metasomatism is involved. In order to point out some useful aspects of the facies series in various types of metamorphism, the possible stability fields of the facies described from areas of progressive metamorphism are shown in a hypothetical PT diagram. Facies metamorphic rocks and their relative positions in space PT.

pt diagram metamorphic facies

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