The species can reproduce asexually through hardwood and semi hardwood cuttings and runners (Kimbrough, 2008).Physiology and Phenology, The species is reported to be fast growing, either as a ground cover or a climbing vine. Version 1.1. Harper RM, 1943. London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Vitaceae: Generos Ampelocissus, Ampelopsis e Cissus. http://www.tropicos.org/. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015. Flowering is in May–July. Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); flowers. Three genera are from temperate regions: Vitis, Parthenocissus and Ampelopsis.Ampelopsis is a genus of about 25 species; the majority occurring in Asia, with a disjunct distribution of three species in North America and extending into Central America (Lombardi, 2000). Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis cordata Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Ampelopsis brevipedunculata This project is … Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); fruiting habit. Cissus ampelopsis Pers. Easley MC; Judd WS, 1993. Sida: MD: Literature: … Vitis indivisa Willd. Lombardi JA, 2000. Castanea, 40(3):228-238. map: Family: Scientific name @ source (records) Coccidae : Eulecanium cerasorum @ CSCA_TCN : Megachilidae : Megachile coquilletti @ UCRC_ENT : Megachile mendica … (Vitaceae) disjunct between eastern/southeastern Asia and eastern North America, with ten new combinations. In: Arnoldia, 4 (9/11) 45-64. Fruiting clusters are much broader than long. North American plants and horticultural innovation in England, 1500-1700. Information about the invasiveness of the species and its effects over the invaded habitats and the biodiversity is needed. MD: Literature: … Grows 35 ft. or more. ©Franklin Bonner/USFS/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. Common Names. Seed bank of a hardwood floodplain swamp in Florida. Ampelopsis can grow anywhere. Available rapid growing vines for the United States. heartleaf peppervine. Flora Neotropica, 80:1-250. Hawkins TS; Skojac Jr DA; Schiff NM; Leininger TD, 2010. The most aggressive native vine in the state, it can smother small- to medium-sized trees. Kirby DR; Stuth JW, 1982. Stems - White pith; No exfoliation; Plants as seen in their local environment. This plant has no children Legal Status. Wyman D, 1944. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Nielsson RJ; Bhatkar AP; Denmark HA, 1971. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Glyphosate is recommended for the control of A. arborea (Schmalzer et al., 2002). The name of this genus is actually a derivative of the Greek word ‘ampelos,’ meaning vine. Journal of Coastal Research, 13(1):147-154. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Habitat. 6 (Special Issue No. USA. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). The flowers are very small, white in color, and inconspicuous. Synopsis of, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The Vitaceae consist of about 14 genera and 900 species, mainly occurring in tropical regions. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. … Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Successional stages in a hardwood bottomland forest near Dallas, Texas. In A. arborea new leaves are purple red, 2-3 pinnately compound with mature fruits that are red to blue-black. It has a moderate growth rate and a height of 2 feet at maturity. Seed bank dynamics in a southeastern riverine swamp. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html. Journal of Mammalogy, 63(4):668-672. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Short-term effects of prolonged backwater flooding on understory vegetation. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Flowers RW; Furth DG; Thomas MC, 1994. 2: 122. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Its duration is perennial which means it will grow year after year. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. (2010) argue that the species could overtake other plants due to its growth habit; and that it can smother other species, making it an undesirable plant for cultivation. Florida Entomologist, 54:245-248. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Schneider RL; Sharitz RR, 1986. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); foliage and fruits. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); foliage and ripening fruits. – heartleaf peppervine Subordinate Taxa. Brown CA, 1930. Stems often die back in winter. Data Source. In its native range it is noted as having the potential of becoming weedy in gardens and cultivated lands (Hall, 1984; Kimbrough, 2008; Hawkins et al., 2010). The pith is white (it is brown in “true” grapes, genus Vitis). Interpreting Wetland Status. arborea) in North America. http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/#. Ampelopsis cordata Name Synonyms Ampelopsis cordifolia Rafin. Heartleaf Peppervine Ampelopsis cordata Synonym: Nekemias cordata. National Plant Germplasm System. Characteristics. Because of its aggressive growth and ability to overwhelm trees, it is not recommend for growing as an ornamental. Fruits are fleshy and attractive to birds and mammals, which disperse the seed in their droppings. From riverbanks & woods from Virginia to Illinois and southward comes this grape-like vine with its unlobed heart-shaped leaves & small purple berries nice fall color. It is reported as invasive for Cuba, but without information about the spread and invasiveness in that country (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). Base of leaf straight across (not cordate) not angled upward. Occurs scattered in the southern two-thirds of the state and locally northward along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. Available rapid growing vines for the United States. Geographical Review, 63(4):477-499. Species recognized by wikipedia VI, Mexico … Fruit Structures - Dichotomous branching, pores (lenticels) on fruit surface. Reestablishing Florida scrub in a former agricultural site: survival and growth of planted species and changes in community composition. A. arborea was introduced in the United Kingdom as a horticultural garden plant in 1700 (Jarvis, 1973), but there are no reports of the species spreading in the country. Data Source. Although it is not reported as invasive elsewhere, Kimbrough (2008) and Hawkins et al. Ampelopsis Michx. Ampelopsis Cordata, or more commonly know as Heartleaf Peppervine, is a vine with green foliage and white flowers of the genus Ampelopsis. Preference for some other pollens shown by lines of honeybees selected for high and low alfalfa pollen collection. Fruit matures in August–November. A seasonal study of the vegetation on leeves. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. The species is reported to be eaten by the nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), the cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus), the fulvous harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys fulvescens), the rice rat (Oryzomys palustris) and deer (Odocoileus virginianus) (Lay, 1965; Cameron et al., 1979; Bradley Kincaid and Cameron, 1982; Whitaker et al., 2012). Whitaker Jr JO; Ruckdeschel C; Bakken L, 2012. – peppervine Species: Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. In New England, it is only known from Connecticut, where it is considered a non-native introduction. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 86(2):109-19. National Wetland Plant List, 2016. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The Southwestern Naturalist, 3(1/4):214. The species is reported to survive prolonged flooding for 3-4 months (Brown, 1929; Noble and Murphy, 1975). This Compendium follows The Plant List (2013), and Ampelopsis arborea (L.) Koehne as the recognized name for the species. Torreya, 29(2):32-41. Jarvis PJ, 1973. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide, A. arborea is a deciduous or semi-evergreen vine which can either grow near the ground or as a climber. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. It also attracts song birds and wood ducks, Aix sponsa (McGilvery, 1966; Wildflower Center, 2016). Hall DW, 1984. Pepper vine - working its way into Florida groves. Cameron GN; Fleharty ED; Watts HA, 1979. The thin-fleshed fruits are not palatable to humans. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Fruit ¼ inch across, globe-shaped, changing color as they develop from green to orange to rose-purple and finally to turquoise blue. Other Common Name: False Grape; Heartleaf Ampelopsis. arborea is often mistaken with poison ivy, Toxicodendron radicans, both with compound leaves. Kelly L, 2006. Singhurst JR; Cathy JC; Prochaska D; Haucke H; Kroh GC; Holmes WC, 2003. Horvitz CC; McMann S; Freedman A, 1995. 1830. The vascular flora of Huggins Island, Onslow County, North Carolina. http://www.tropicos.org/. Castanea, 58(3):162-177. Vascular flora of the southern upland property of Paynes Prairie State Preserve, Alachua County, Florida. Wildflower Center, 2016. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 6(1):259-272. Vitis cordata Dum.-Cours. National Wetland Plant List. (2014) proposed the segregation of 10 species of Ampelopsis to Nekemias, nine occurring in Asia and Nekemias arborea (L.) J.Wen & Boggan (=A. Seeds are reported to be dispersed by birds and mammals (Titus, 1991; Kimbrough, 2008). Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); foliage and habit. Journal of Apicultural Research, 12(3):187-190. The genus was named in 1803. Wilder GT; Barry; MJ, 2012. It is native to the southeastern United States. Kimbrough MGM, 2008. Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Vascular flora of Little Talbot Island, Duval County, Florida. Birds that eat it include northern cardinal, northern bobwhite, yellow-shafted flicker, brown thrasher, and wood thrush. Ampelopsis arborea (peppervine); foliage. It is disjunctly distributed in eastern Asia and eastern North America extending to Mexico. Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. collect. Titus JH, 1991. Foliage is bi- or tri-pinnately compound and dark-green, turning pale-yellow in autumn. It has the potential to spread through cultivation, should it become a popular garden plant. Bark on older stems is tight, dark brown, deeply grooved, with long ridges that are flat-topped and netted. It also can pull down small trees from its weight and compete with canopy trees for sunlight. Ampelopsis cordata . Near the coasts it is found in salt marshes, estuaries, mudflats and sand dunes (Coker 1905; Evans, 1979; Easley and Judd, 1990; Hoffman and Dawes, 1997; Stalter et al., 1999). SIDA, Contributions to Botany, 21(2):1081-1106. Castanea, 48(4):289-299. Vascular flora of Morse Clay Prairies in northwerstern Louisiana. Heart-leaved peppervine is a woody liana that hails from the southern states. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. Lewis WH, 1958. Fruit not edible. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Online Database. ©Louisiana State University AgCenter/Adam A. Agosta-2003. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Ampelopsis, commonly known as peppervine or porcelainberry, is a genus of climbing shrubs, in the grape family Vitaceae.The name is derived from the Ancient Greek: ἅμπελος (ampelos), which means "vine". Stems of older plants can reach 65 feet in length. Wen et al. Also, raccoon grape’s leaves are triangular, while those of Vitis grapes are usually more heart-shaped. Raccoon grape is a woody vine climbing by tendrils to a length of 60 feet. The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. The sweet, flavorful berries are ripe when they turn black. USA. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Humans may not relish the flavor of the fruit, but the berries are eaten by birds and small mammals. Harper (1943) reports that A. arborea prefers lime rich soils. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(Special Issue):145-158. Bartonia, 50:27-30. Hemlock in the Tennessee Valley of Alabama. A. arborea is a deciduous or semi-evergreen vine which can either grow near the ground or as a climber. It is also used for cattle grazing on managed pastures (Kirby and Stuth, 1982).A. Homonyms Ampelopsis cordata Michx. It is known from the mid 1800's from Cuba and although is reported as an invasive, no details are given on its spread (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016). arborea fruits are attractive to birds and mammals (Kimbrough, 2008; Wildflower Center, 2016). Arnoldia, 4(9/11):45-64. Plant communities in Jackson County, Illinois. Occurs in rich alluvial (river-deposited) bottomland soils in valleys, low woods, and slopes near streams, borders of streams, oxbow lakes, lowland thickets, borders of low woods, and fencerows. It is by Charles T. Bryson at USDA Agricultural Research Service. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Vegetative survey of wetland habitats at Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in southeastern Louisiana. North American plants and horticultural innovation in England, 1500-1700. It was introduced in the United Kingdom as a garden plant in 1700, but there is no evidence of naturalization in that country (Jarvis, 1973). Common names Heartleaf peppervine … http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/2008/jan08/Peppervine.html. Floristic composition and potential competitors in the Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae) colonies in Mississippi with the reference to hydrologic regime. Widely planted as an ornamental, this fast-growing liana is now considered highly invasive in the forest edges, lake shores, and disturbed habitats in which it rapidly spreads. Mackensen O; Tucker SC, 1973. Raccoon grape, Ampelopsis cordata. It has been introduced to Barbuda (Broome et al., 2007). National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Paul Nelson. Stems, when young, are green, flexible, slightly angular, with ridges extending along the stem from the leaf bases, smooth; older stems gray to light brown, with numerous oval, warty pores; tendrils arise at some nodes, each opposite a leaf, stout, forked at the end. USA. McGilvery FB, 1966. Family: Vitaceae (grapes) Description: Raccoon grape is a woody vine climbing by tendrils to a length of 60 feet. Journal of Mammalogy, 60(4):817-820. Development of the vegetation inside the levee following the high water of 1927. Castanea, 37(2):140-146. American Journal of Botany, 73(7):1022-1030. However, woodsy kids have been known to swing Tarzan-like from large grapevines that are firmly connected at the top. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 57(7):509-513. ©James H. Miller & Ted Bodner/Southern Weed Science Society/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Its status in Cuba is unsettled, being declared as either native or introduced (Lombardi, 2000; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Wen et al., 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2016). Wyman D, 1944. Internet sites for gardening and nurseries advertise the species as a good plant to attract pollinators. Synopsis of Nekemias Raf., a segregate genus from Ampelopsis Michx. Ripe fruits are dark purple almost black. Young fruits are green then pinkish then blue to purple. The Southwestern Naturalist, 20(3):323-335. The pathogen Xylella fastidiosa, is also reported on the species (Janse and Obradovic, 2010). USDA-ARS, 2016. Preferred Names. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. A floristic survey of Fort Matanzas National Monument, St. Johns county, Florida. CABI, Undated. Hall (1984) reports that it is a weed in citrus groves. Its heart-shaped leaves are much less lobed than those of its congener, Ampelopsis glandulosa; also, its twigs are less hairy. USA. Suanne Bacque-2005. Dietary variation in three sympatric rodents on the Texas coastal prairie. The Plant List, 2013. Legal Status. Overview Appearance Ampelopsis cordata is a perennial climbing vine in the grape family, but its fruit is not edible. Castanea, 44(1):8-24. Fruits mature at different rates. Jones RL, 1983. Treatment of emerging vines with a contact or systemic herbicide is also recommended (Hall, 1984). Online Database. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Heartleaf Peppervine Ampelopsis cordata Michx. Jarvis PJ, 1973. Plants observed on an excursion to Grand Isle, Louisiana. Gemborys SR, 1974. It is available from some nurseries in the United States, advertising it as a good species to attract pollinators, and to use as a ground cover, for walls, fences and trellises (Wildflower Center, 2016). Sida. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/2008/jan08/Peppervine.html, http://rsgisias.crrel.usace.army.mil/NWPL/#, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Wen J; Boggan J; Nie ZeLong, 2014.
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