"Adullam is in the valley Elah on the way down to Philistia from Hebron." Very readable with excellent insights. let thy precious word bring with it convictions of our sin, and convictions of thy all-sufficient righteousness; that thy little army may become more than conquerors through thy grace leading them on; until all the Sauls of persecution and opposition, which hunt for their life, are destroyed; and thou shalt bring them into thy holy mountain, thy kingdom, where thou wilt make them kings and Priests to God and the Father, forevermore. He hates the attitude of lawlessness it produces, as well as the crop of wicked fruit that results from it. 1859. 1 Samuel 7. For he that seeketh.] CHAPTER 15 *. 1 Samuel 15. 1 Samuel 1:11. 1 Samuel 15:17-23 “ It is much easier to bring a bullock or lamb to be burnt upon the altar than to bring every high thought into obedience to God,” Henry writes. 23. Read online Bible study, search parallel bibles, cross reference verses, compare translations & post comments in bible commentaries at qBible.com. 1 Samuel 2. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 23:1-7 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Two clues suggest that the final four chapters of 2 Samuel (chapters 21-24) constitute an appendix, added after the fact: â¢ Our text says, "Now these are the last words of David" (v. 1). 1 Samuel 21 Matthew Henry's Commentary. He set out to fulfil his own selfish ends, rather than obeying God's word, and relying on the Lord to lead and guide him, in … Though we do not see this demon physically, the influence of this arch-rebel permeates our society. I used it for my Biblical Exegesis class in seminary. Ver. For surely, when thou receivest them in the wilderness of their state by nature, thou regeneratest them by thy power, convertest them from the error of their way, and dost not only cancel the debt of the insolvent, and soften and remove the distress of the afflicted; but take away the very cause of discontent in those who have found but too much reason to he dissatisfied with the ruined state of their nature, and have fled to thee for peace and content, in thy finished righteousness, and blood-shedding atonement. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-samuel-22.html. A very good introductory-intermediate level commentary. 1 Samuel 17. âInterpreters of 1 Samuel will welcome the release of this excellent commentary. Elkanah and his family. Samuel, Saul and David. (1a) David’s distress at Adullam. Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard. For he who seeks my life seeks your life. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 5. Disobedience of Saul. Go to, "Stay with me; do not be afraid, for he who seeks my life seeks your life, for you are safe with me. "E.W. He chooses a man named Saul, and it turns out he chose… poorly. 23. a 2 Thus says the LORD of hosts: I will punish what Amalek did to the Israelites when he barred their way as they came up from Egypt. 1 SAMUEL. Amen. Chapter 22. Outline of 1 Samuel 22 David at Adullam, Many resort to him. Click here for an exhaustive list of content on 1 Samuel. BibliographyClarke, Adam. 2. thou blessed Jesus! David speaks with assurance of his own safety, and promises that Abiathar should have his protection. 1 SAMUEL. 1999. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". See the insightful remarks by Stephen B. Chapman, 1 Samuel as Christian Scripture: A Theological Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), 87-89, to which I am indebted. It outlines the change from the theocracy established under Moses to the monarchy begun under [king] Saul. ... 1 Samuel 15:22â23 22 And Samuel said, w âHas the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? 2013. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. 1SA 15:1 Samuel said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint you as king over his people Israel: now therefore listen unto the word of the LORD. The *prophets also wrote accounts of events. 1 Samuel 22. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. After a narrative on the Hannahâs unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. 1 Samuel 21. 1 Samuel 13. 1 Samuel 25. (Verse 1-5.) Do I not view thee as becoming Captain over them, as well as Captain to them! 1 Samuel 22:23 Context. Free Bible Study Tools. 19. The lesser characters in 1 Samuel are hardly incidentalâEli the corrupted priest, Hannah the tearful believer, and Jonathan the faithful friend, to name just three. The word of the Lord first revealed to Samuel. ", To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". II Samuel 22:22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God. The prince of all rebellion is Satan the Devil, also known as "the sum of all moral impurities." Saul destroys the priests of Nob. 1832. 1 Samuel 22 David at Adullam and Mizpah 1 David left Gath and escaped to the cave of Adullam. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". Facebook-twitter-g+-LinkedIN-Email. Tua causa erit mean causa, Thy cause will be my cause, as Charles V said of Julius Flugius, who for his sake had been much wronged by the Duke of Saxony. The book begins with the birth of the last judge, Samuel, who also is a prophet (1 â¦ The one who sought David’s life also sought Abiathar’s life. Commentary Read 1 Samuel 22:1-5 Verse 1-5 â See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. HERE, dearest Jesus, in the flight of David to the cave of Adullam, I would pause to contemplate thee. 1SA 15:2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember what Amalek did to Israel, how he sought to ambush him when he came up from Egypt. And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was … Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. b 3 Go, now, attack Amalek, and put under the ban * everything he has. 1 Samuel 6. Abiathar escapes to David. It exhibits all of the qualities one has come to expect from Dr. Steinmann and the Concordia Commentary series. She spoke softly, none could hear her. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. 1 Samuel 22:23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou [shalt be] in safeguard. Now, therefore, listen to the message of the LORD. 1 Samuel 4. 1 samuel and 2 samuel  Part of the series: Survey of the Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-samuel-22.html. Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-18 (Read 1 Samuel 1:9-18) Hannah mingled tears with her prayers; she considered the mercy of our God, who knows the troubled soul. 2 Then others began coming—men who were in trouble or in debt or who were just discontented—until David was the captain of about 400 men. for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life; or, as Kimchi observes, it may be interpreted, "my life he seeks who seeks thy life"; we are in the same circumstances, and have the same common enemy, and therefore it is best and safest to be together; as the Targum,"he that seeks to kill me seeks to kill thee;''and as Jarchi adds, he that loves me will love thee, and he that keeps my life will keep thine: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard; intimating, that he would be as careful of him as of himself; and that for this reason, as Ben Gersom suggests, because he brought the ephod with the Urim and Thummim with him, by which he could inquire of God for him; but this was the thing David was confident of, that God would preserve him, and raise him to the kingdom, and therefore Abiathar might be sure of safety with him: at this time he penned the fifty second psalm, which shows the frame of spirit he was now in; see Psalm 52:1. Sounds simple enough. In 1 Samuel 20:21-22, Jonathan and David determined that if the arrows were shot at a shorter distance, then David could know that Saul's heart was favorable to him. 1. 124 Let us recall that on more than one occasion David has spoken of those who wrongly incited Saul against him. * [ 1:20 ] Samuel : Hannah’s explanation associates her son’s name with the narrative’s wordplay on the Hebrew verbs s’l (“ask,” vv. Soon his brothers and all his other relatives joined him there. David acknowledges that Saul‘s enmity against Abiathar is the consequence of his enmity against himself, and therefore David makes common cause with him. This was another turning point in Saul’s evil life. Commentary Read 1 Samuel 22:1-5 Verse 1-5 — See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. 1-samuel 23:10 Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake. John Trapp Complete Commentary. He must have been much pained, when he considered that his falsehood was one cause of this fatal event. If the arrows were shot further beyond, David could know that Saul's heart was still hard and he determined to destroy David. how doth my soul long to come forever under thy banner, and hail thee the Captain of my salvation! David, being driven from Achish, returns into the land of Israel to be hunted by Saul. Ver. Verses 22, 23. II Samuel 22:23 For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-samuel-22.html. When his brothers and his father’s household heard about it, they went down to him there. 1 Samuel said to Saul: âIt was I the LORD sent to anoint you king over his people Israel. It is great trouble to a good man to find himself any way the cause of evil to others. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". Hannah's song of thanksgiving. 24 y When Saul returned from following the Philistines, he was told, âBehold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.â 2 Then Saul took z three thousand chosen men out of all Israel and went to seek David and his men in front of the Wildgoatsâ Rocks. The story is familiar to many of us. 22:20-23 David greatly lamented the calamity. What follows is an an organized and curated list of content. (Verse 20-23.) II Samuel 22:24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity. (Verse 20-23.) 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 29:29 all refer to these writers and their books. Though all three main characterâs lives are intertwined throughout the book, one can easily divide the book into the lives of the three men. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. It outlines the change from the theocracy established under Moses to the monarchy begun under [king] Saul. 20-23. one of the sons of Ahimelech … escaped—This was Abiathar, who repaired to David in the forest of Hareth, rescuing, with his own life, the high priest's vestments (1Sa 23:6, 9). 1 Samuel 11. * [ 1:20 ] Samuel : Hannahâs explanation associates her sonâs name with the narrativeâs wordplay on the Hebrew verbs sâl (âask,â vv. Keith Simons. 1 Samuel 1. It's hard to find a headline during this campaign season in which candidates, politicians, and special interest groups are not demanding "radical" change in the way things are done in America. BibliographyPett, Peter. Choose a verse from '2 Samuel 1' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org Saved. 21 And Abiathar shewed David that Saul had slain the LORD'S priests. Now we will focus upon the reasons why Samuel says that complete obedience is better than sacrifice. 1 Samuel 1:9-20 (2019) NEW SERIES King James Version 1 Samuel 1:9-20 KJV Easy-Print Commentary 1 Samuel 1:9-20 KJV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary Abide thou with me, fear not He appeared to be in a fright; which is not to be wondered at, as not knowing what to do, and where to go and provide for his safety; when, to allay his fears, and make him easy, David invites and encourages him to stay with him, and not be … Print "We Want a King!" Notes: 1. He is also the One whom we must praise for delivering us. Bill McRae: 9. 1 Samuel 26. Samuel, Hannah presents him to the Lord. "The cave of Adullam" (1 Samuel 22:1). (Verse 1-5.) "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-22.html. First Samuel 22:1-23 shows us how to trust in the Lord in difficult circumstances. Kenneth Boa: 14. For really they were in the same boat. This place was near the border between Philistia and Judah where the Shephelah meets the rugged mountainous terrain of Judah, an area where there are literally hundreds of caves. 1 Samuel 9. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. John Trapp Complete Commentary. He appeared to be in a fright; which is not to be wondered at, as not knowing what to do, and where to go and provide for his safety; when, to allay his fears, and make him easy, David invites and encourages him to stay with him, and not be afraid of Saul, nor any other: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life; or, as Kimchi observes, it may be interpreted, "my life he seeks who seeks thy life"; we are in the same circumstances, and have the same common enemy, and therefore it is best and safest to be together; as the Targum,"he that seeks to kill me seeks to kill thee;'and as Jarchi adds, he that loves me will love thee, and he that keeps my life will keep thine: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard; intimating, that he would be as careful of him as of himself; and that for this reason, as Ben Gersom suggests, because he brought the ephod with the Urim and Thummim with him, by which he could inquire of God for him; but this was the thing David was confident of, that God would preserve him, and raise him to the kingdom, and therefore Abiathar might be sure of safety with him: at this time he penned the fifty second psalm, which shows the frame of spirit he was now in; see Psalm 52:1. Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? Bible Commentary: 1 Samuel 22:1-5 and Related David escapes to the cave of Adullam, David's 400 men, prayer for relief from persecutors Bible Commentary: 1 Samuel 22:6-23 and Related Commentary on 1 Samuel 11:12-15 (Read 1 Samuel 11:12-15) They now honoured Saul whom they had despised; and if an enemy be made a friend, that is more to our advantage than to have him slain. BibliographyHawker, Robert, D.D. 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. Full Name. 1 Samuel 16. For the source of such sin is 1) rebellion, 2) stubbornness, and 3) rejection of God’s Word. (1) Deliverance is Divine. On this occasion David composed the 51st Psalm, Quid gloriaris, to reprobate the conduct of Doeg. 123 See Dale Ralph Davis, Looking on the Heart: Expositions of the Book of 1 Samuel (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1994), vol. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". Bob Deffinbaugh: 17. The book of 1 Samuel records a major change from the time of the judges to *Israel’s first king. Used by Permission. (Verse 6-19.) 1828. The book also marks the transition from priests to prophets as the central figure of God's dealing with Israel. 2 All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. Tired of not being able to complain about what a lousy job their king is doing, Samuel (after some anointing by God) sets out to enlist a king for Israel. Abide you with me, fear not: for he that seeks my life seeks your life: but with me you shall be in safeguard. (Read 1 Samuel 22:1-5) See what weak instruments God sometimes uses, to bring about his own purposes. 1 Samuel 1 â The Birth of Samuel. Outline of 1 Samuel. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. Hannah's prayer. Bill T. Arnold â 1 & 2 Samuel (NIV Application Commentary, 2003). Ver. “Stay with me, and do not be afraid. 22 And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father's house. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". (Salien) --- We may consider David as the fourth in order of the sacred writers, as he appears after Moses, Josue, and Samuel. 2 Samuel 22:4 "I will call on the LORD, [who is] worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine … The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. A list of the best commentaries on 1/2 Samuel ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Commentary on 1 Samuel 8:4-11 [12-15] 16-20 [11:14-15] Karla Suomala | 7 Comments. After Saul mucks up with the Philistine… Tua causa erit mean causa, Thy cause will be my cause, as Charles V said of Julius Flugius, who for his sake had been much wronged by the Duke of Saxony. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/1-samuel-22.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-samuel-22.html. 1 Samuel 28:19 Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow [shalt] thou and thy sons [be] with me: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines. (Haydock). The wickedness of Eli's sons, Samuel's ministry. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? S https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-samuel-22.html. 1 Samuel 3. 125 One could easily assume that David and all his men went to Saul’s camp, but the text does not really say so. 1 Samuel 3. Arnoldâs commentary on the books of Samuel in the NIVAC series is one of the better contributions. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. (Read all of 1 Samuel 22) Verse 2  And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. The characteristic generosity of David‘s disposition breaks out in these words. We donât know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. These reasons are found in verse 23. Introduction. 1 Samuel 22:23 Bible Verse Slide KJV: Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard. Scripture David was now a fugitive on the run from King Saul. This he was bound in duty and conscience to do. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/1-samuel-22.html. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". 1 Samuel 8. BibliographyTrapp, John. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). But the Urim and the Thummim were seemingly now with David (1 Samuel 23:6), and as we shall see, he uses them shortly. God gives us leave, in prayer, not only to ask good things in general, but to mention that special good thing we most need and desire. Robert B. Chisholm Jr.âs volume on the books of 1â2 Samuel provides carefully organized guidance for interpreting, teaching, and illustrating these important historical books. God hates rebellion! Consequently, He is the One to whom we must cry for deliverance (34:4-7; 57:1-3; 142). Old Testament Hebrew-English Holy Name King James Version with Strong's numbers. 1 Samuel 24. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Saul’s verdicts could not reach him here. As a result of his fear, he made a number of mistakes. 1 Samuel 20. The Birth of Samuel. "Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember [that] which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid [wait] for … BibliographyBarnes, Albert. When his brothers and his fatherâs household heard about it, they went down to him there. BibliographyGill, John. 1 Samuel 22 – David at the Adullam Cave, Saul Murders the Priests A. David at Adullam cave. You don't need to be a seminary student to enjoy this commentary. The book also marks the transition from priests to prophets as the central figure of God's dealing with Israel. The prophecy against Eli's family. Samuel the Prophet (1 Samuel 1-7) Saul the King (1 Samuel 8-15) David the Anointed One (1 Samuel 16-31) Summary of 1 Samuel. 21:1-9 David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. However, 1 Kings 2:2-9 give Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on 1 Samuel 15:22-23. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 22:23". And then he assured Abiathar that he would be safe with him. Our thoughts immediately turn to Sarah, the wife of Abraham, through whom the promised Seed was to be born, and to Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist, who was born to be the voice, crying in the wilderness, prepare ye the way of the Lord Jesus.