Download: A text-only version is available for download. The Republic is arguably the most popular and most widely taught of Plato's writings. On the "Soul" Book IV of Plato’s Republic. On the one hand, in order to solve tough philosophical dilemmas, Socrates and his pals use their imaginations to construct a new kind of city. Plato's Republic, Book IV Adeimantus begins Book IV with an interruption. and authorities. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Republic Book 4. Book II Part 2, Book III, Book IV, Book V, and some of Book VI and VII, on Naturally Occurring Social Classes in an Ideal City State. The Republic is a book about the early and middle periods of Plato’s dialogues. His beloved mentor, Socrates, was killed about 20 years earlier. society. Plato founded the Academy, an educational institution dedicated to pursuing philosophic truth. Commentary: Quite a few comments have been posted about The Republic. "The Individual, the State, and Education" Summary: Book II. Plato, Republic ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Plato's Republic Plato's Republic THE REPUBLIC by Plato (360 B.C.) He points out that the guardians can't very well expect to be happy if they are to live as Socrates insists. Therefore, I will prove Plato right by showing that the states happiness represents the happiness of the individuals. Claims made in book IV of Plato’s Republic that are obviously important to the discussion carried out in the text up to that point are the claims Socrates makes about justice that parallel the claims he made about the structure of the class system in the ideal city. The Big Takeaways: 1.Socrates questioned the idea of justice. The only reason to be just is to avoid the consequences of unjust actions. The first part, Book I, follows the structure of an early dialogue. http://amzn.to/UwCVzd http://www.novoprep.com The Republic by Plato | Summary of Books 1-4 He also suggests the group pay attention to the different, less admirable forms of the state and of the soul. In the third book of the Republic a nearer approach is made to a theory of art than anywhere else in Plato. I do think he had a pretty nice idea about what a good society would look like and how one might build one. However, since it’s one of Plato’s “middle” dialogues from later in his life, chances are Socrates serves more as a mouthpiece for Plato’s own views here, rather than being the true original source of the ideas in this book about justice. This guide to Plato’s Republic is designed to help readers understand this foundational work of the Western canon. I guess Plato wasn’t very aware of childhood psychology and the deep effect it has on determining our ability to make free choices as adults. Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. At the beginning, Plato suggests the individual happiness depends upon the steady functioning of the society. Plato's The Republic is an enduring work, discussing justice, the importance of education, and the qualities needed for rulers to succeed. One of the most famous discussions of justice occurs in Book 2 of Plato’s The Republic where Socrates’ interlocutor in the dialogue, Glaucon, argues that there is no intrinsic reason to be just. He points out that since the goal is to fashion a just and happy society, we ought not allow the individual parts to distract us from the holistic endeavor. In The Republic, Book IV, Plato talks about the four core traits that every virtuous state and individual has. Before we get to the four traits, let’s lay down some groundwork about where Plato is going with this argument. Amongst the many works attributed to Plato's authorship is his "The Republic" wherein is set out a series of discourses that allegedly took place between Socrates and a number of other persons who variously arrived and departed as the discussions continued.