Cassius is a main character in William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar that depicts the assassination of Caesar and its aftermath. The quarrel grows in intensity as Cassius threatens Brutus, but Brutus ignores his threats.  He studied philosophy at Rhodes under Archelaus of Rhodes and became fluent in Greek. Later he and Brutus marched west against the allies of the Second Triumvirate. Little is known of his early life. Cassius is the main force behind the plot to kill Caesar in Shakespeare's 'Julius Caesar'. On March 15, 44 B.C. Momigliano argued, however, that many of those who opposed Caesar's dictatorship bore no personal animus toward him, and Republicanism was more congenial to the Epicurean way of life than dictatorship. Arguably, Cicero’s words end up being more prophetic than the mysterious signs themselves—when Casca talks with Cassius thereafter, Cassius uses the omens to persuade Casca that Caesar has grown “prodigious […] and fearful, as these strange eruptions are” and must therefore be killed. Caesar leaves the forum and admits to Antony that he is weary of Cassius. , In 54 BC Cassius joined Marcus Licinius Crassus in his eastern campaign against the Parthian Empire. Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian (later known as Augustus) and Mark Antony soon arrived, and Cassius planned to starve them out through the use of their superior position in the country. Further, Cassius repeatedly suggests that tyrants come to power when the people allow their power to be stolen. In a letter to Cicero, he wrote: I hope that people will understand that for all, cruelty exists in proportion to hatred, and goodness and clemency in proportion to love, and evil men most seek out and crave the things which accrue to good men. He met Pompey in Greece, and was appointed to command part of his fleet. By the end of Act IV, Scene 3, he is a calm friend of Brutus who … She didn t understand meaning. They crossed the Hellespont, marched through Thrace, and encamped near Philippi in Macedon. , The dating bears on, but is not essential to, the question of whether Cassius justified the murder of Caesar on Epicurean grounds. They raced through the water, but Caesar became weak and asked Cassius to save him. Julius Caesar and Cassius were longtime friends in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, one of Shakespeare's tragic plays. From the very beginning, Cassius is pleased with himself for his ability to manipulate others. Gaius Cassius Longinus, (died 42 bc, near Philippi, Macedonia [now in Greece]), prime mover in the conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar in 44 bc. He first refused to do battle with the Parthians, keeping his army behind the walls of Antioch (Syria's most important city) where he was besieged. Caesar was a little bit afraid of Cassius, but Cassius was much more afraid of him--and with good reason. Even so, to avoid becoming a private citizen and thus open to prosecution for his debts, Caesar left for his province before his praetorship had ended. Cassius was now secure enough to march on Egypt, but on the formation of the Second Triumvirate, Brutus requested his assistance. However, Cassius refused to join in the fight against Cato and Scipio in Africa, choosing instead to retire to Rome. In the quotation above, Cassius explicitly rejects the idea that morality is a good to be chosen for its own sake; morality, as a means of achieving pleasure and ataraxia, is not inherently superior to the removal of political anxieties. He was supported and made Governor by the Senate. As cited by Miriam Griffin, "Philosophy, Politics, and Politicians at Rome," in, For a survey of Roman Epicureans active in politics, see, Miriam Griffin, "The Intellectual Developments of the Ciceronian Age," in, For a quotation of the Epicurean passage in this letter, see article on the philosopher, Miriam Griffin, "Philosophy, Politics, and Politicians at Rome," in, David Sedley, "The Ethics of Brutus and Cassius,", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gaius_Cassius_Longinus&oldid=991354941, Ancient Roman politicians who committed suicide, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox military person with embed, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 16:53. This circumstance, Momigliano argues, helps explain why historians of the Imperial era found Cassius more difficult to understand than Brutus, and less admirable.. Ml: The interviewees used whatever language they need to be supposed to switch and it became an important comment, pointing caesar julius in cassius essay to the word slacker comes to testing and evaluation skills, which would allow other researchers make observations at the beginning of this article. bce , Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce , Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce ), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce , and dictator (46–44 bce ), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March. As they set about their return journey they were confronted by a detachment of Cassius' army, which faked a retreat and lured the Parthians into an ambush. Cassius was overtaken by Caesar en route, and was forced to surrender unconditionally.. When he heard news that Caesar intended to abolish democracy and make himself a king, Cassius decided that Caesar had to die in order to preserve the ideals Rome was founded upon. Against Cassius's advice, Brutus allows Mark Antony to speak a funeral oration for Caesar in the market place. Cassius recalls a windy day when he and Caesar stood on the banks of the Tiber River, and Caesar dared him to swim to a distant point. He functions in some respects as the conspirators’ leader, although Brutus later takes this role. Caesar distrusts him, and states, "Yond Cassius has a lean and hungry look; He thinks too much: such men are dangerous."  He was mourned by Brutus as "the Last of the Romans" and buried in Thassos. The Roman concept of libertas had been integrated into Greek philosophical studies, and though Epicurus' theory of the political governance admitted various forms of government based on consent, including but not limited to democracy, a tyrannical state was regarded by Roman Epicureans as incompatible with the highest good of pleasure, defined as freedom from pain.  According to some accounts, Cassius had wanted to kill Antony at the same time as Caesar, but Brutus dissuaded him.. Cassius is a bully who gets what he wants from people by displaying his bad temper. Little is known of his early life, apart from a story that he showed his dislike of despots while still at school, by quarreling with the son of the dictator Sulla. In 53 BC Crassus suffered a decisive defeat at the Battle of Carrhae in Northern-Mesopotamia losing two-thirds of his army.