His absence has permitted powerful young men in his community to take over his household. He respected his obligations to those under his rule, earning the affection and loyalty of his family, servants and subjects. He was the son of Hippocrates and ruled Athens from approximately 561 BC to 527 BC. Famous Leaders of Ancient Greece: Ancient Greek civilization is undoubtedly one of the richest, diverse and influential civilizations of the world. According to this law, a killer had to go into exile and even receive the death penalty if agreed to by the family members of the victim. Lv 5. On one hand you are presented with the Trojans. Her reign followed on from Alexander the Great’s during the Hellenistic period of ancient Greece. Attila the Hun, … He was orphaned at a very young age and had to fight for his inheritance which was forcibly taken by his guardians. Although the world of the ancient Greeks is long past, it lives on in the stirring tales of Greek mythology.More than just gods and goddesses, this long-ago culture gave us legendary heroes and heroines whose exploits still thrill us. There are various other political and military leaders of Greece who also went on to influence Greek civilization as we know it today. During his reign, he conquered Asia Minor and won against Persian sea and land forces in 486 BC. During this war, she put Phillip III, Alexander’s half-brother, and many more to death. A statue of Leonidas stands in his homeland of Sparta to honor his great courage. Until the late sixth century B.C., the autocratic rule of warlords, kings and tyrants was all that anyone had ever seen. Being a prince, Alexander was fortunate enough to receive his education from the renowned Greek philosopher, Aristotle. Top writers. October 24, 2011 Mark 11 Comments. Demetrius fought Cassander and drove him out of Athens but Cassander later allied with Seleucus l and Lysimachus, and defeated both Demetrius and Antigonus in the Battle of Ipus in 301 BC, during which Antigonus was killed. Professor of Classical Languages and Literatures, Sarah Lawrence College. He grew up observing his father’s rule and saw Philip develop Macedonia into a great military power. According to historians, Cleopatra was not only beautiful, but she was also one of the most politically powerful and most ruthless rulers of both Greece and Egypt. Everyone longs for Odysseus’s return. Each entertains guests graciously and generously. Often the leader in question is experiencing a life-and-death dilemma—if he doesn’t get it right, he’d be killed. Introduction: For thousands of years, the myths from Ancient Greece have intrigued people. The time limit forces you to quickly assess the pros and cons while quickly coming to a decision. 4.8 (435) Bella Hamilton. Investigate the Ancient Greeks | Explore Character Traits of the Heroes Discover the Myth Maker in You | Inspire others to be Good People . I am a huge fan of the novelist Steven Pressfield. Leadership tips from ancient Rome Frances Frei (left), a professor of business management and technology, and classics professor Emma Dench teamed up last semester to lead an experimental elective at Harvard Business School that used classic Roman and Greek writings to provoke deep discussions and reflections on what makes a successful leader. Ancient Greece has probably one of the richest cultural histories of all civilizations and saw many great personalities and leaders; those who worked hard to build the legacy that we know today. He made laws and laid the foundation not only for the cultural and military development of Athens, but also for its economic prosperity. In the preceding centuries, Greek city-states were governed by a variety of entities, including kings, oligarchies, tyrants, and, as in the case of Athens, a democracy.” In 594 BC, he was democratically elected as “archon” or governor of ancient Athens. During his time, not only nobleman but also common citizens were given the right to freedom of expression. The history of Cassander’s rule is probably one of the bloodiest in ancient Greek history. Each provides feasts and celebrations including music, dancing and storytelling. He has a particular talent for capturing the essence of war and military life, both its leaders and foot soldiers. The “Odyssey” encourages us to choose our leaders and role models carefully. The suitors are having a grand time ravaging Odysseus’s household, forcing Odysseus’s maidservants to have sex with them and eating and drinking themselves into a stupor. A spiteful god, Poseidon’s moodiness manifested itself through shipwrecks and drownings. If you’re simply slow at making decisions, then this tip is a lifesaver. By contrast, human beings who rely on violence and intimidation are susceptible to violent overthrow: Upon his return, Odysseus slaughters all of the brutal, bullying suitors. He fought and defeated Cassander once, but Demetrius was defeated in Gaza in 312 BC. Renowned and celebrated playwrights like Euripides, Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Aristophanes lived in Athens, and they invented the modern-day theatre that we enjoy today. Draco was an extremely influential figure in late ancient Greece. Good, responsible, admirable leaders like Odysseus promote mutual respect, harmony and happiness for all. They hold all power in the community; no one else has any authority over them. Pisistratus established the Panathenaic games and tried to produce definitive versions of the epics written by Homer. His empire spread from Gibraltar to Punjab, and he made Greek the lingua franca of his world. Emily Anhalt does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Leadership lessons from the ancient Greeks – Part I of II. Get a verified writer to help you with Traits Most Admired by the Ancient Greeks. He was an important protagonist during the Wars of the Diadochi and waged bloody war against the Macedonian general, Polyperchon. In ancient Greece, certain leadership qualities were seen as more desirable, and by reviewing Greek mythology it is possible to understand what these ancient people valued in their leaders. Seeking news of his father, Odysseus’s son visits two other communities, each ruled by a compassionate, benevolent king. The people, in turn, respect their obligations to their king, the gods, one another and guests. Good leadership, as the “Odyssey” depicts it, requires and promotes mutual respect and reciprocity. Over the decades since the poem was first written, much debate has been made over who achieved the most leadership throughout. Cleisthenes achieved so much with the help of the middle classes and the democrats. Due to the overwhelming superiority of its navy, Athens ruled the Greek world with power so vast, other city-states had no alternative but to abide by its laws, customs and trade demands. It’s very, very exaggerated. Cimon was an Athenian general and statement born in 449 BC. Athena, goddess of wisdom, observes that “any wise man who came among them would be displeased and ashamed seeing their many shameful deeds.”, Odysseus’s son, speaking to community elders about the suitors, insists that “unendurable deeds have been done, and ignobly my household has been destroyed. The great god Zeus identifies him as “excelling all mortals in his intellect.” Many characters, including one of Odysseus’s former companions and the goddess Athena, recall that Odysseus was “gentle and kind, like a father.”. Demetrius l and Cassander had an intricate and interconnected history. Although historians do not have much information about his early life, written texts about his laws still survive. He fought alongside Aristides and sent his fleet to rescue the Asian Greek cities from Persian invaders. Believing that implicit fundamental values are, to their larger part, unchangeable, we assume that the Greek ideal leader remains the same across centuries. mortal despots cannot preserve their death grip on power forever. In these examples of communal life among mortals, the “Odyssey” suggests that the quality of life in a human community depends on the quality of its leaders. 1 decade ago . In Ancient Greek Thought, Plagues Follow on Bad Leadership ... From this perspective, plagues functioned as a setup for an even more crucial theme in ancient myth: a leader’s intelligence. The era of Pericles also witnessed the construction of the glorious Parthenon which Athens is famous for today. He was an ancient Greek lawmaker, credited to have redeveloped the constitution of ancient Athens to establish a democratic government in 508 BC. ), after the time of Alexander the Great. It’s simple enough to incorporate: any time you have to make a decision, just set the timer and begin the process. But the narrator reveals that their behavior is both destructive and self-defeating. It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC) by the mighty Mycenaeansof Crete (a Greek Island). Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. Good, responsible, admirable leaders like Odysseus promote mutual respect, harmony and happiness for all. If a lower-class citizen owed money to a higher-class citizen, then the nobleman or the merchant could force the common citizen into slavery until the debt was paid off. While these are not the only influential leaders of ancient Greece, they had a significant impact on the history of this great nation. He is the man of valor. Jason is the Greek legendary hero best known for his leadership of the Argonauts in the quest for the Golden Fleece and for his wife Medea (of Colchis). Verified writer. He was born in 638 BC and died in 558 BC. Each had its own system according to its political tradition; there were democratic and oligarchic/aristocratic systems, depending on the faction that prevailed in each city. They were also Pericles’ closest friends. Latinized Pisistratus is known as the most lenient ruler of ancient Greece. The teachings and doings of ancient Greeks have remained important lessons that many societies still use. The teachings and doings of ancient Greeks have remained important lessons that many societies still use. Historians are still confused about the reason for his death. Cassander was involved in other blood feuds such as the one with Alexander’s mother, Olympia. He later went into politics and was instrumental in preventing the Macedonians from conquering Athens until Alexander the Great ascended the throne. wily, or crafty. Latinized Pisistratus also seized their lands and gave them to the underprivileged classes. By contrast a good leader respects his obligations to his people, and ensures that they respect theirs to him and to one another. There are two on the list I would say of equal import by way of preserving and expanding the reach of Greek culture, but in terms of ideas…Lycurgus of Sparta. Action combines strength, drive, and prowess. Centuries ago, myths helped the Greeks learn to reject tyrannical authority and identify the qualities of good leadership. Eventually, he went on to make further reforms and awarded all citizens equal rights and established “ostracism” which was a form of temporary banishment from the city by popular vote. The Greeks associated Poseidon with calamities like tidal waves and earthquakes.