He studied at Frederick Douglass High School and was one of the top-achievers in class. An influential lawyer who rose through ranks during his lifetime, Thurgood Marshall went on to become an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving for more than two decades. Updates? Chambers v. Florida (1940) He was the first African American to hold the … Ashley noted to Fishburne during the recognition, “Just as Thurgood Marshall exemplified in his works and deeds on behalf of our nation, I present this bust in his image to you for the body of work you have done in your career. Prior to joining the firm, he was a member of the White House senior staff in the Clinton Administration, holding the position of assistant to the president and cabinet secretary from 1997 to 2001. The school was chartered in 1854 as the Ashmun Institute and described by one of its early presidents as "the first institution found anywhere in the world to provide a higher education in the arts and sciences for male youth of African descent." In July 1958, John W. Marshall was born. (Left to right) Lawyers George E.C. Justice Marshall, though battling failing health and battling conservatives on the Court, presented powerfully persuasive arguments on the first major race relations case of the 1980s, which involved the constitutionality of a federal government plan to set aside 10 percent of its contracts for minority businesses. Applauding Marshall's victory, author H.L. He particularly expressed his belief this right was important to the poor. After completing high school in 1925, Thurgood followed his brother, William Aubrey Marshall, at the historically black Lincoln University in Chester County, Pennsylvania. As an attorney, he successfully argued before the Court the case of Brown v. His mother pawned her wedding and engagement rings to help pay the tuition. In 1936 Marshall became a staff NAACP lawyer based in New York; two years later, he succeeded Houston as the organization's chief counsel, although the two continued to work closely together. Their twenty-five year marriage ended with her death from cancer in 1955. Breaking the Ice: Fine dining skills translate to transactional practice A pragmatic judicial activist, he was committed to making the U.S. Constitution work; most illustrative of his approach was his attempt to fashion a “sliding scale” interpretation of the equal protection clause that would weigh the objectives of the government against the nature and interests of the groups affected by the law. He is serving or has served on various boards, specifically the Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service, Board of Trustees of the Ford Foundation, National Fish and Wildlife Association, Corrections Corporation of America, Third Way, National Women's Law Center, University of Arkansas Clinton School of Public Service, and Supreme Court Historical Society. Supreme Justice: Speeches and Writings by Thurgood Marshall (Author), J. Clay Smith Jr. (Author) Buy now Read description. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, and James M. Nabrit, Jr., celebrating outside the U.S. Supreme Court, Washington, D.C., after the Court ruled in. In 1974, black parents sued after the Detroit courts would not approve their request that the black urban school district and the white suburban school districts be merged to promote integration. Grandson of an enslaved person, Marshall lived through some of … Thurgood Marshall Biography Thurgood Marshall (1908 – 1993) was a civil rights lawyer and the first African-American appointed to the US Supreme Court Justice. 1970 ushered in a new era of conservatism as the Court became skewed with more conservative justices. He is the first African-American to serve as the Director. (He shortened his name to Thurgood in the second grade.) Lyndon B. Johnson. He received his law degree from Howard Univ. "Marshall was thus one of the first public interest lawyers. In the 1973 case San Antonio School District v. Rodriguez, the majority cast a 5-4 vote that the Constitution’s guarantee of equal protection was not violated by the property tax system used by Texas and most other states to finance public education. Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA as Thoroughgood Marshall. Thurgood Marshall graduated cum laude with a bachelor's degree from Lincoln University in 1930. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg in 1970, in which Justice Marshall persuaded his colleagues to unanimously confirm the use of busing to integrate public schools, an issue that was close to his heart in light of his landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. Thurgood Marshall, earlier named Thoroughgood Marshall (which he changed in the 2nd grade), was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Just before graduation, he married his first wife, Vivian "Buster" Burey. Patton v. Mississippi (1947) Marshall was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on July 2, 1908, to Norma Arica and William Canfield Marshall. Marshall nevertheless excelled at Howard, graduating first in his class in 1933. His commitment to racial justice led him and his staff to develop ways of thinking about constitutional litigation that have been enormously influential far beyond the areas of segregation and discrimination.". Referring to Brown v. Board of Education, Marshall said, "The school case was really Charlie's victory. "Under Marshall, the NAACP's legal staff became the model for public interest law firms," wrote one of his biographers, Mark Tushnet. This passion for anti-segregation and education clearly transcended to Thurgood Marshall, Sr. William, Thurgood’s father, worked full-time as a Pullman-car waiter and he had a deep passion for writing. 14. However, he never compromised the values, beliefs and convictions that had guided his success as a lawyer who was often credited as being a leading architect of the civil rights movement. “We applaud Mr. Fishburne for his contribution to entertainment and expanding Thurgood Marshall’s legacy through this production.”, Thurgood Marshall | 1998-2019 © Copyright, "History teaches that grave threats to liberty often come in times of urgency, when constitutional rights seem too extravagant to endure", " We can always stick together when we are losing, but tend to find means of breaking up when we’re winning. The Morgan decision served as the legal basis for the celebrated "Freedom Rides" of the early 1960s. 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