Sentinels of the southwestern deserts, yuccas are extremely drought tolerant and store water in their trunks or bulbous bases. Other than pruning a Yucca plant it pretty much cares after itself. Bark is gray-brown, with a skirt of dead leaves near the top. Types of Yucca … It is a drought tolerant plant, and survives on less amount of water. Allow the soil to dry out slightly before watering again. Adam’s Needle, Soapweed, Joshua Tree, Ghosts in the graveyard, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, Palma China, Datil. Generally easy to care for but caution required: always wear protective, preferably chain mail or similar gloves when caring for Yucca Plants. Yucca Background and Benefits. Yucca schidigera Growing and Care Guide. It gets its name from a soapy material in its roots and trunks. Sharp. Red-orange spores or lesions of the leaves are indications of a fungal disease. This selection is often grown as a houseplant because of its somewhat softer leaves. Yucca elephantipesCommonly called spineless yucca or giant yucca. Flower Details: White, cream. Height/Spread: 15 to 40 feet tall. Iconic symbol of the Mojave Desert and likely the most well-know of all yuccas, with a … Varies by type. This is the flowering stalk of the mojave yucca (Yucca schidgera), also known as the Spanish dagger. Photo by: Oleg Kovtun Hydrobio / Shutterstock. Yucca baccataCommonly called banana yucca, 2 to 3 feet tall, with clumps to 10 feet wide, Blue-green leaves with curly white filaments, green or purple-tinged white flowers. The soil to be used for this plant needs to be well drained. In addition to this general Yucca plant growing guide page, the Gardener's HQ website also carries basic Yucca growing information and photographs on the following species specific pages: I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Yucca plants. Gently press the soil to release any pockets of air. Yuccas are not overly fond of pot cultivation, but they are usually fine when large pots are used. Yucca is also a key ingredient in natural shampoo, with one medium-sized yucca plant’s roots blended into an amber liquid. Make sure to wear heavy gloves to prevent the leaves from cutting your hands. Soil pH 5.5 to 7.5. Most yucca moths have white wings that help them blend in with the blossoms they pollinate and then lay their eggs in. More about the newsletter. They're hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 11, depending on the variety. Their toughness is both a virtue and a vice, as they can be nearly impossible to get rid of once firmly established and larger clumping types may take over. Although there are no serious insect or disease problems, cane borers, scale insects and fungal leaf spots can occur. Make sure the growing spot is located to have access to full sun, as Yuccas planted indoors with limited light and root run often have a dwarfish look. Cut off the leafy top after marking the trunk, remove all of the upper leaves, and then plant the trunk in potting soil with the end that formerly had the leaves pointing up. Coming into their full glory in spring when stalks of bell-shaped, fragrant flowers appear from leaf rosettes, yuccas (Yucca spp.) How to care for yucca Indoors. Add to My Plant List; Mojave Yucca is a species in the Agaveceae (Agave) family that is native to southern California. Flowers are usually white or cream, and some varieties may have a hint of pink, purple or green. are tough plants that thrive in hot, dry places. This variety will eventually grow to form clumps. It grows well in sandy plains, dunes and desert grasslands. Excellent choice for drought-tolerant or rugged gardens. Herbalists contend that these properties can aid in the treatment of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, migraine, diabetes, eczema, arthritis, stomach problems, skin infections, and liver and gallbladder disorders. The soil should be somewhat dry and well-drained as the roots of Yuccas rot easily in wet soil. Indoor yuccas will rarely produce flowers. There should be a 17 to 40 cm (7 to 16 inches) layer of granite stones in the bottom of the beds, and 5 cm (two inches) layer of gravel on top of this. If offsets are allowed to remain, clumps can grow to be many times the size of the individual plant. At this same time, offsets can be cut away, and replanted if desired. See above in How to Plant for more information on growing from seed. Fill in around the root ball with the remaining soil mixture until it reaches the soil surface level. You can even use the cut-off portion of the trunk to propagate your plant (just be sure to mark which end is the top). Yucca moths will transfer the pollen purposely from the stamen of one plant to the stigma of another plant, whilst laying eggs in the flower at the same time. Note that only species plants will come true from seed and not all seed will be fertile. It handles both drought and humidity well. many as 40 species of trees and shrubs found mostly in arid portions of North America Updated October 2020, #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } Soak seeds for 24 hours prior to planting to help with germination, or rub with sand paper to scar the surface. Prodoxus decipiens Bogus Yucca Moth photograph by Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren, CC. Bloom time: Spring, but not every year. Put the extracted soil into a huge container or bucket, and add gravel or sand to the soil to make the planting bed 50 percent gravel/sand and 50 percent soil. If your plant is getting too tall, you may cut the trunk from the bottom and re-pot. The leaves are edged with curly white filaments that add overall interest to the plant. If you have an East facing window then place them on the window shelf so that they get the morning light. Averages 1 to 2 feet tall, 3 to 5 feet wide, Yellow and green striped leaves, flower stalks with pink buds that open with white flowers. Outdoor Yucca plant care: Plants prefer dry soil that has full access to the sun. Yucca schidigera Roezl ex Ortgies – Mojave yucca Subordinate Taxa. /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. Placing some organic matter is beneficial; add more gravel or sand mixture if the soil has a heavy clay base to increase the drainage. These plants are also great to grow in areas with little rain as they are very tolerant to drought. Photo by: Garden World Images, Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. Yucca trees are low maintenance and easily adaptable, making them widely popular houseplants. Dig down and cut a 3-inch section from the existing root structure. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Cold tolerant once established. In order to control this infestation, use insecticidal soaps and prune dead leaves off the plant. Root cuttings can be taken in winter or spring from mature plants. This will leave a sparse trunk for a while, but new offsets should sprout from the cut point. This plant has long, narrow leaves with sharp tips. Modern Plants for a Bold and Beautiful Garden Although yuccas truly thrive on neglect, a balanced liquid fertilizer can be applied monthly during spring and summer, and may be especially beneficial to yuccas grown indoors. The plants have mutualistic relationship with the Yucca moth, which acts as a pollinator and lays eggs in the plant. Slugs and snails can wreck havoc to Yucca seedlings. Varies by type; some will begin blooming in spring and others mid-to-late summer. Yuccas are slow-growers and need almost no maintenance to survive. A once a year feeding is sufficient as Yuccas survive well in areas of low nutrients and are light eaters. Yucca schidigeraCommonly called Mojave yucca, Dark green leaves with curly white filaments, cream to white flowers. Pruning yucca plants is a quick and simple process. Yucca filamentosa ‘Excalibur’Commonly called Adam’s needle yucca. It is in leaf all year. Avoid overwatering the plant as this can cause rotting of the roots.Cut off all the dead leaves in order to keep the plant neat. 16 Surprisingly Drought-Tolerant Plants. If you plant to use raised beds then be aware that outdoor planting for most species requires well-drained raised beds. Water them well to start and keep them protected until roots are growing. Scientific Name: Yucca schidigera Common Name: Spanish Dagger, Mojave Yucca, Palmilla Growing Zone: USA: 9 to 10 Life Cycle / Plant Type: Perennial, Succulents and Cacti Plant Details. P1. Striped creamy white to pale yellow and green leaves, white flowers. Mojave yucca enjoys a vast range, growing happily on dry, rocky slope and flat, desert plains between 800-4,000 feet in … Yucca gloriosa ‘Variegata’ Commonly called Spanish dagger yucca, Blue-green leaves with yellow edges that lighten to cream. Rosettes. Yuccas are generally known as ornamental plants in gardens. Smaller varieties make great container plants, giving the ability to grow in colder climates by moving indoors over winter and placing back outside after any chance of frost. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. The mutualistic pollination system of Yuccas is very specialized, as they are pollinated by the Yucca moths from the family Prodoxidae. Yucca seeds take anything from one month to one year to germinate, and are best sown at the end of winter. Full sun. There are all kinds of things you can contemplate and learn if … Mojave yucca can be recognized by the clusters of long, sharp leaves that are carried at the end of a thick trunk and by the leaf edges which produce long, curly fibers. Their caterpillars feed on the seeds, but leave some behind so the plant can re-seed itself. The Mojave Yucca Root tuber has been used as a stable source of carbohydrates by the Native American Indians and other natives of the American continents. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The leaves of this yucca are extremely sharp, hence the common name of Spanish bayonet. To start hardy varieties outside, spring temperatures should be 55 to 65°F. Cancer: Ingredients linked to cancer in government, industry or academic studies or assessments. Zones: 6-10. Yucca angustissima - Narrow Leaf Yucca Plant by brewbooks. Yucca is a plant which is able to thrive even with little maintenance. Yucca: Common Name: Adam’s Needle, Banana Yucca, Don Quixote’s Lances, Dragon Yucca, Joshua Tree, Mojave Yucca, Needle-Palm, Soapweed Yucca, Soft Tip Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Spanish Dagger, and Spoonleaf Yucca: Plant Size: A Yucca Cane plant can grow up to 30 feet tall. They’ll require less water over winter. Yucca growth is quite slow and variable, especially if grown from seed. Though yucca is a hardy plant, lack of appropriate care can make it susceptible to a host of pest attacks and growth issues. Exposure: Full sun. Grow seedlings indoors for two years. Range from zones 5 to 11, depending on type. This can be prevented by protecting the plants against heavy winter moisture with the use of a sheet of glass. If you have children or pets it may not be a good idea to grow yucca plants in the garden, as they have razor sharp leaves that can easily hurt people and animals. Some species, such as Yucca elephantipes, can have spreads of well over 6 m (about 20 feet). As with any plant, take care to keep the leaves of your yucca plant dust free for optimum health. Yucca schidigera, also known as the Mojave yucca or Spanish dagger, is a flowering plant that is native to the Mojave Desert, Chihuahuan Desert and Sonoran Desert of southeastern California, Baja California, New Mexico, southern Nevada and Arizona.. Stem rot is one of the most common problems with yuccas, but can be avoided with well-draining soil. Full sun outdoors, plenty of indirect light indoors. Place it in potting soil and in a location where it will receive indirect light. GardenersHQ © 2005-2020 Dean Ravenscroft / Thank you for visiting my gardening site; 2020 - 12 - 02 : Privacy Policy. But this one is a small tree, up to 8-16' (2.5-4.8 m) tall (to a maximum of 30' (9 m)), topped by a dense array of swordlike leaves. Copyright Start seeds indoors at any time, or outdoors in spring. Although yuccas do not prefer to watered heavily, draught or lack of water can cause the leaves to turn brown or yellow. These slow-growers are easy to care for and simply need a sturdy pot with well-draining soil and some sun — a south-facing window with lots of indirect light is perfect. However, this growth can sometimes be unpredictable. Yuccas grown indoors can benefit from a monthly application of a general purpose fertilizer once a month in spring and summer. Also a “dying yucca” can be a result of over watering, insufficient light or fluctuating temperatures. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The constructed beds must be raised so as to lean towards the sun, so that the plants get as much light as possible. Common name Yucca, Spanish bayonet, spineless yucca, Adam’s needle and thread, Spanish dagger Botanical name Yucca aloifolia, Y. elephantipes, Y. filamentosa, Y gloriosa Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Summer (sparsely) Planting time Spring Height and spread 55cm-10m (22in-33ft) by 1.5-8m (5-26ft) Aspect Outdoors: full sun to light shade.Indoors: bright, filtered light Types of Yucca … There are nine species and 24 subspecies of Yucca, and their distribution covers a vast area of Central and North America. The evidence supporting these claims is generally sparse. Use heavy pots as Yuccas tend to be heavy in both their stem and foliage. The moth larva will then feed on some of the developing seeds; there are more than enough seeds left to perpetuate the species. Plants are found in badlands and rocky deserts, in grassland and prairies, in light woodland, in mountainous regions, in semi-temperate and subtropical zones, and even in coastal sands (Yucca filamentosa); though these areas are generally arid to semi-arid. If propagating from offsets, remove them in spring, strip off any foliage, and plant. Yucca offers numerous health benefits and is often used medicinally. . It is important to tidy plants regularly. Color: Green foliage, creamy yellow-green flowers. This smaller, cold-hardy variety is perfect in perennial beds and rock gardens. It is best to keep Yucca indoors in a safe place if you have children or pets, but if required in the garden then transplant them outdoors a few weeks after the last chance of any frost in the spring. Flowers bloom on large stalks that emerge from the center of the plant, some over 10 feet tall. Although technically not considered pruning, maintaining your plants by trimming dead or damaged leaves can be done at any time. Many have leaves that are razor sharp and spine tipped, earning them common names of Spanish bayonet and Spanish dagger. Yuccas are no relation to yucas (one ‘c’), although they are quite often, understandably, confused. */. Select an area that receives partial to full sun, but most importantly, a location that is well-draining. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. The sharp and spiny nature of some yuccas is usually enough to steer animals (and people) away. Choose a location that has access to full sun. Roots should begin to grow in about three to four weeks. Yucca schidigera (Mojave Yucca) Native to the deserts of Southern California along with several other southwestern states and Baja California, this common, medium-stemmed (up to 15 feet tall eventually) Yucca is one of the least-used Yuccas in landscaping, partly due to its dagger-like leaves but also because of its somewhat unkempt and less-than-ornamental appeal. Ensure that the plant is straight and centered. All Rights Reserved. This cold-hardy variety handles temperatures down to 0°F and brightens up a dry garden. The use of yucca roots as food often comes from the confusion with the same spelled, yet unrelated to yucca botanically, That said there are many yucca plant uses, for example: the roots of. How to Prune Yucca Plants. Photo by: Sundry Photography / Shutterstock. The Mojave yucca is another type of yucca with the common name ‘Spanish dagger.’ As its name suggests, the yucca plant is native to the Mojave Desert and has dangerously sharp leaves. … Although some varieties can be grown unprotected, some beds need to be protected against winter moisture. Use a 2.5 to 5 cm (one to two inches) layer of 1 cm (½ inch) sized granite chippings to top dress, as this can help keep the root neck dry. They are currently one of the main gardening trends in the United Kingdom when it comes to landscaping and home garden plants. Miscellaneous: Leaves can be very sharp, think seriously about the safety of children and animals before growing yucca in the garden. The trunk is expected to have rooted itself within two to three weeks of planting, and will start to produce new leaves. This species often forms large clumps with multiple offsets. Can survive in dry and poor soils. var theDate=new Date() Flower spikes reach up to 13 feet tall, with 600+ flowers. The roots of the yucca plant are not edible. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Additional water can be added two to three weeks after planting.
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