<>>> Until the 1980s, a substanti… 2.7% of the country's residents follow their indigenous traditional religions. A significant section of Ethiopia’s population (33.9%) adhere to Islam. The Jews maintained their independence for over 1000 years in spite of continuous massacres, religious persecution, enslavement, and forced conversions. [citation needed], An estimated 2.6% of Ethiopia's population adheres to various traditional faiths, according to the 2007 census (down from 4.6% in the 1994 census data). The US Ambassador has carried out discussions with the government and faith-based organizations in order to promote religious freedom. Adulis) as well. The modern name Ethiopia is from the Greek term Aethiopia used to translate Kush, and was applied to all of Sub-Saharan Africa, including what is now Sudan, but with a few classical geographers giving more detailed descriptions of present-day Ethiopia and Eritrea (e.g. Christianity was not new to Ethiopia, before the time of Frumentius. [1] A 2015 study estimates some 400,000 Christian believers from a Muslim background in the country, most of them belonging to some form of Protestantism. Ethiopia is the site of the first hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Negash. [33] This is because Abyssinia's (present-day Ethiopia) Aksumite monarch embraced a group of Muslims embarking on the first Hijrah from Arabia, fleeing persecution from their homeland. According to Ethiopian tradition, one-half of the population was Jewish before Christianity was proclaimed the official religion in the 4th century. According to the US Department of State, this is widely upheld through the observance of additional laws and policies. In the bible, the Acts of the Apostles, a eunuch in charge of the Ethiopian Queen Candace's treasures travelled to Jerusalem to worship the God of Israel. Until the 1980s, a substantial population of Ethiopian Jews resided in Ethiopia. [1] Ethiopia is the site of the first hijra in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Negash. [23] The Ethiopian community celebrated its diamond jubile in January 2009. Civilization first appeared in the Ethiopian highlands in the fifth century before the common era. x��=ْ�F���?�e#��n4�¡��X�%�hf|�-�S$M���'�_nu� Iy:f�"������3gW�e����7��f��u���M���U���d���L�\�Y��\�����W_w}k����_���}}�e(aA�� #��Y�7e�����`��T:7� ���+�����?Ͳ��f���Ż#��]�R�Y?K�� ���Rge Й�u�k�Xg��勏���4*�� Z�� )`�&����08�KY�`������dQ�E� ��2]"����Z����&%�]��$�i�?s)g��0�U>�:���ٙg����c��˗ϳ|��zl��gs������~�ϛ��d;r��'�S=~�hp������w@(u��y0M.�J]�X�y�奄%��'0��Dތb"Ae &��C�g��w�L��b�8�g��P��Oa#�#����~��3�LΫY������C��!fUZf����T[êUy��ϣ ��2�c��΅�};��������9*[|�ᯁ� In the words of an outstanding student of symbolism: “The Ethiopic form of the tau is an exact prototype of the conventional Christian cross; or, to state the fact in its chronological relation, the Christian cross is made in the exact image of the Ethiopian … "[7][12] Roughly 68% of Ethiopian Muslims are Sunni, whilst 23% are non-denominational Muslims, whilst another 2% adhere to other sects such as Shia, Quranist, Ibadi etc. [22] The Association of Religion Data Archives estimated that there were around 23,000 Baháʼí adherents in 2010. [2] Ethiopia was the only region of Africa to survive the expansion of Islam as a Christian state.[3]. Ethiopia has close historical ties to all three of the world's major Abrahamic religions. endobj [38] In the late fifteenth century Adal Sultanate invaded Abyssinia led by Imam Mahfuz, his defeat brought about the early 16th century Jihad of the Adalese Imam Ahmed Gran against Ethiopia, where several churches were demolished.[39]. Roman Catholicism has been present in Ethiopia since the nineteenth century, and numbers [36] These friendly and collaborative relations between Muslim and Christian states would soon deteriorate in the following centuries. 3 0 obj What were the prior religious beliefs? Eritrea - Eritrea - Religion: Historically, religion has been a prominent symbol of ethnic identity in the Horn of Africa. [10] Some Israeli and Jewish scholars consider these Ethiopian Jews as a historical Lost Tribe of Israel. endobj [21] By 1963, there were seven localities with smaller groups of Baháʼís in the country. Islam in Ethiopia dates back to the founding of the religion; in 615, when a group of Muslims were counseled by Muhammad to escape persecution in Mecca and travel to Ethiopia via modern-day Eritrea, which was ruled by Ashama ibn Abjar, a pious Christian king. [14] While Muslims can be found in almost every community, Islam is most prevalent in the Somali (98.4%), Afar (95.3%) and Oromia (47.5%) Regions. [4] Islam is the second most followed religion, with 33.9% of the population being adherents. Christianity became a state religion in the fourth century after the twin brothers Abraha and Atsbeha, kings of the Axumite kingdom, accepted Christianity. There are a minority of Christians who are Roman Catholic or Protestant. A large majority of these Christians are a … + The apostles preached in Africa and Arabia before preaching in Europe. Throughout its long history, this region of the world has been witness to the growth of multiple religions and religious communities. make up the remaining 0.6%. The Queen of Sheba,the mother of the first Ethiopian King was a convert to Judaism.Menelik the first was the first Ethiopian Monarch was the son of King Solomon of Israel and the Queen of Sheba..Judaism and Pagan faiths existed in Ethiopia before Christianity or Islam.Ethiopian Jews have lived in Ethiopia for thousands of years,they are the descendants of Jews from Israel and Indigenous Ethiopian people. Tel: +251 11 618-0991. 1 0 obj The apostle St. Matthew is said to have died in Ethiopia. It is a crime in Ethiopia to incite one religion against another. [1], Ethiopia is the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement, whose adherents believe Ethiopia is Zion. 2 0 obj Accepted 27 February, 2013 Ethiopia is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. On the central plateau, the Ethiopian Orthodox church holds sway, as it has done since t… Islam is the second most followed religion, with 33.9% of the population being adherents. %PDF-1.5 around 2 p.m.), after which they would eat no meat or dairy products — including cheese, butter, or eggs — but can eat and drink most other things, including beer. The largest Protestant group is the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus, with about 5 million members. Before Islam: When Saudi Arabia Was a Jewish Kingdom . [29] U.S ambassador David H. Shinn stated in 2005 that the Ethiopian leadership continued to be largely Christian. Ethiopia has close historical ties to all three of the world's major Abrahamic religions. Orthodox Christianity began to be the state religion during the reign of King Ezana during the Axsumite Empire in 333 C.E.
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